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Science + Tech

THE IMPORTANCE OF A BALANCED BITE:

Through proprietary techniques and technology, GuardLab is able to accurately transfer your repositioned “bite” directly to your custom guard. 

Accuracy is everything when it comes to the perfect custom fit. The archaic lab process of pouring and mounting models with bite materials decreases the accuracy of the final product. In terms of boil and bite guards...they simply can’t compete with GuardLab’s precision.

At GuardLab, we pride ourselves on accuracy, precision and finishing.
  • Our athletic mouthguards align the jaw to improve overall posture and alignment by balancing the muscles of the head and neck and removing compensation and adaptation of muscles.
  • Our bite taking technique brings the lower jaw into a final position with minimal interference and accommodation. It offers the most comfortable, snug fitting mouthguard on the market.

Muscle balance results in improved head position, posture and alignment.

We use 3D scanners to capture every curve and ridge of your unique teeth. No more putty in your mouth, no more boiling. 

     

    MOUTHGUARD PROTECTION

    “Do athletic mouthguards have a role in reducing the incidence and severity of cerebral concussion in sports?

    This is a controversial question now being asked by the sporting world, especially for high-impact sports such as hockey and football. The apparent increase in concussion rates has led to claims by dentists and over-the-counter mouthguard suppliers regarding the use and effectiveness of athletic mouthguards in reducing concussions. Numerous minor hockey leagues have introduced mouthguard rules as a possible result of concussion, rather than dental concerns.

    Though anecdotal, there are three theories on the benefits of properly-fitting athletic mouthguards and the reduction of the incidence or severity of concussions. It should be noted that these are theories, which in most cases are not proven in medical/dental literature.

    1. Direct dissipation and/or absorption of force of an upward blow to the jaw.
    2. Increased separation of the head of the condyle and glenoid fossa.
    3. Increased head stabilization by activating and strengthening neck muscles. 

    Dissipation of forces

    Mouthguard materials by nature must have shock absorption qualities. They must be resilient and yet soft enough to absorb impact energy and reduce transmitted forces. The thickness of mouthguard material is directly related to energy absorption and inversely related to transmitted forces when impacted. However, wearer comfort is also an important factor in their use. Thicker mouthguards are often not user-friendly. All teeth must be properly covered and the bite balanced accordingly. 

    Dr. John M. Stenger, co-founder of the American Academy of sports dentistry, and TMJ specialist, in 1964, reported that forces from mandibular impact would be attenuated with a mouthguard, resulting in fewer injuries. Hickey discussed that mouth protectors reduced pressure changes and bone deformation within the skull in a cadaver model. He demonstrated a decrease of 50% in the amplitude of the intracranial pressure after a blow to the chin when wearing a mouthguard. 

    Increased Condylar Separation

    When a properly-fitted and balanced custom-made mouthguard is in place there is a forward/downward movement of the jaw, thus opening the space between the glenoid fossa and the condylar head. This may reduce the opportunity for the condylar head to directly impact the glenoid fossa after an upward blow to the jaw, thus reducing the impact and acceleration forces to the entire temporal region. Again, while it might be advantageous to significantly open this space for protection, an excessive thickness of material on the biting surface might compromise both comfort and performance.

     

    “The force required to concuss a fixed head is almost twice that required to concuss a mobile head"
    — Dr. Karen Johnson, prominent Canadian concussion researcher

     

    Further, there is some correlation between the degree of rotation that the head goes through on impact and the severity of the concussion that might result.

    By activating additional head and neck muscles at the time of impact this arc of rotation might be decreased, leading to less harmful movement of the brain inside the skull. Some researchers have begun to show that by being able to clench down harder on a mouthguard the activation of the head and neck muscles might serve to stabilize the head. Some have suggested further that this effect might be in place whether or not the athlete sees the impact coming.

     

    If you have any questions regarding our science and technology, please email us at [email protected]